МГИМО Английский язык / Тест 05 / Задание V / Прочтите текст и ответьте на вопросы

МГИМО Английский язык

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[start-test type=8]


The Canadian Government

Canada is a democracy organized as a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government modeled after that of Great Britain. The official head of state in Canada is Queen Elizabeth of Britain, who is also Queen of Canada. The governor-general is (I) the queen’s personal representative in Canada and the official head of the Canadian parliament, although with very limited powers.

(II) The federal parliament in Canada consists of the House of Commons and the Senate. The actual head of government is the prime minister, who is responsible for choosing a cabinet. The cabinet consists of a group of ministers of varied expertise who serve with the support of the House of Commons. They are responsible for most legislation, and have the sole power to prepare and introduce bills that provide for the expenditure of public funds or taxation. (III) The system is referred to as responsible government, which means that cabinet members sit in the parliament and are directly responsible to it, holding power only as long as a majority of the House of Commons shows confidence by voting with them. If a cabinet is defeated in the House of Commons on a motion of censure or a vote of no confidence, the cabinet must either resign, in which case the governor-general will ask the leader of the opposition to form a new cabinet, or a new election may be called.

The Canadian Senate has 104 members, appointed by the governor-general on the advice of the prime minister. Their actual function is advisory, although they may make minor changes in bills and no bill may become a law without being passed by the Senate. Senators hold office until age seventy-five unless they are absent from two consecutive sessions of parliament. The real power, however, resides in the House of Commons, the members of which are elected directly by the voters. The seats are allocated on the basis of population, and there are about 300 constituencies. By custom, almost all members of the cabinet must be members of the House of Commons or, if not already members, must win seats within a reasonable time. General elections must be held at the end of every five years, but they may be conducted whenever issues require it, and most parliaments are dissolved before the end of the five-year term. (IV) When a government loses its majority support in a general election, a change of government occurs.

Although major and minor political parties were not created by law, they are recognized by law in Canada.
The party that wins the largest number of seats in a general election forms the government, and its leader becomes the prime minister. The second largest party becomes the official opposition, and its leader is recognized as the leader of the opposition. In this way, the people are assured of an effective alternative government should they become displeased with the one in power.

[question text="What does this passage mainly discuss? " answers="Political parties in Canada#The Canadian election process#*The Canadian system of government#The powers of parliament in Canada "] 

[question text="When does a change of government occur in Canada? " answers="When the governor-general decides to appoint a new government#*When the voters do not return majority support for the government in a general election#When the prime minister advises the governor-general to appoint a new government#When the House of Commons votes for a new government "] 

[question text="The word 'dissolved' in paragraph three could be replaced by " answers="approved#evaluated#reorganized#*dismissed "] 

[question text="The word 'varied' in paragraph two is closest in meanings to " answers="little#*different#good#steady "] 

[question text="The word 'it' in paragraph two refers to " answers="majority#*parliament#cabinet#system "] 

[question text="Where in the passage does the author indicate whose responsibility it is to choose the cabinet in Canada? " answers="Part I#*Part II#Part III#Part IV "] 

[question text="What does the author mean by the statement in Paragraph one: ‘Canada is a … constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government modeled after that of Great Britain’? " answers="Whereas Canada has a constitutional form of government, Great Britain has a parlimentary system#Canada and Great Britain both have model systems of government#*Great Britain and Canada have very similar systems of government#Canada's parliament has adopted Great Britain's constitution "] 

[question text="What is the role of political parties in Canada? " answers="Until they become powerful, they are not legally recognized#Although they serve unofficial functions, they are not very important #*If they win a majority of seats, their leader becomes prime minister#Because they are not elected, they offer the government opposingviews "] 

[question text="The governor-general is described as all of the following EXCEPT " answers="the official head of parliament#*the head of government#the queen's representative in Canada#the official who appoints the Senate "] 

[question text="It can be inferred from the passage that the voters in Canada " answers="choose the prime minister and the cabinet#do not usually vote in general elections#allow their representatives to vote on their behalf#*determine when a change of government should occur "]