МГИМО Английский язык / Тест 15 / Задание V / Прочтите текст и ответьте на вопросы

МГИМО Английский язык

v. Прочтите текст и ответьте на предложенные вопросы


[start-test type=8]


During the nineteenth century, women in the United States organized and participated in a large number of reform movements, including movements to reorganize the prison system, improve education, ban the sale of alcohol, and, most importantly, to free the slaves. Some women saw similarities in the social status of women and slaves. (I)

Women like Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucy Stone were feminists and abolitionists who supported the rights of both women and blacks. A number of male abolitionists, including William Lloyd Garrison and Wendell Phillips, also supported the rights of women to speak and to participate equally with men in antislavery activities. (II)

Probably more than any other movement, abolitionism offered women a previously denied entry into politics. They became involved primarily in order to better their living conditions and the conditions of others.
When the Civil War ended in 1865, the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution adopted in 1868 and 1870 granted citizenship and suffrage to blacks but not to women.
Discouraged but resolved, feminists influenced more and more women to demand the right to vote. In 1869, the Wyoming Territory had yielded to demands by feminists, but Eastern states resisted more stubbornly than before. (III)

A women’s suffrage bill had been presented to every Congress since 1878, but it continually failed to pass until 1920, when the Nineteenth Amendment granted women the right to vote. (IV)


[question text="With what topic is the passage primarily concerned? " answers=" The Wyoming Territory#The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments#Abolitionists#*Women’s suffrage "]


[question text="The word “ban” in Part I most nearly means to " answers=" encourage#publish#*prohibit#limit "]


[question text="The word “supported” in Part II could best be replaced by" answers=" disregarded#acknowledged#contested#*promoted "]


[question text="According to the passage, why did women become active in politics? " answers=" *To improve the conditions of life that existed at the time#To support Elizabeth Cady Stanton for president#To be elected to public office#To amend the Declaration of Independence "]


[question text="The word “primarily” in Part III is closest in meaning to " answers=" *above all#somewhat#finally#always "]


[question text="What had occurred shortly after the Civil War? " answers=" The Wyoming Territory was admitted to the Union#A women’s suffrage bill was introduced in Congress#The eastern states resisted the end of the war#*Black people were granted the rights to vote "]


[question text="The word “suffrage” in Part IV could best be replaced by which of the following? " answers=" pain#citizenship#freedom from bondage#*the right to vote "]


[question text="What does the Nineteenth Amendment guarantee? " answers=" Voting rights for blacks#Citizenship for blacks#*Voting rights for women#Citizenship for women "]


[question text="The word “it” in Part IV refers to " answers=" *bill#Congress#Nineteenth Amendment#vote "]


[question text="When were women allowed to vote throughout the United States? " answers=" after 1866#after 1870#after 1878#*after 1920 "]